What Is Extreme Poverty?
What if you had the chance to save the life of a child? Most of us would do so without a moment’s hesitation. If we saw a small girl drowning in a pond in front of us, we would do everything possible to save this child’s life. Most of us, too, would readily agree that any inconvenience this action would pose to us would matter far less than the value we place on the life of the drowning child.
What many of us don’t realize, however, is that we each have the opportunity to save the life of a human being every day. In fact, each day we have 7,500 opportunities to do so.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 7,500 children under the age of 5 die each day from preventable causes associated with extreme poverty. This is over 300 children an hour or 5 per minute. These causes of death include insufficient nutrition, lack of access to clean water, inadequate health care services, malaria, dysentery, and neonatal infection. These are diseases and health problems that are essentially non-existent in the developed world thanks to countless advances. And yet despite these improvements, several billion people continue to live and die in poverty, struggling daily with its dire effects.
Extreme poverty has many causes: harsh climate, lack of fertile land, war and political strife, government corruption, unfair trade policies, disease, and famine. Many of these causes are in turn exacerbated by poverty, contributing to a cycle of suffering that prevents the world’s neediest people from accessing the basic health services, resources, and information that they need to survive.